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A Comprehensive Overview of DOT Load Securement Regulations

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 Are you familiar with the DOT load securement regulations that may apply to your fleet?




Proper load securement ensures that freight is immobilised and transported safely. Failure to comply with cargo securement standards might have significant consequences. When bulky or heavy cargoes are not properly secured, you risk harming your trucks and cargo, as well as placing your drivers in danger.


What exactly is Load Securement?


The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) first published the current DOT load securement regulations in 2002. Load securement is a broad word that encompasses all of the things you must consider if your fleet transports big goods or pieces of equipment:


System of security

All vehicle components that offer movement constraint, such as headboards, bulkheads, posts, steaks, and anchor points.


Devices for security

Friction mats, chains, ropes, webbing, clamps, latches, binders, shackles, and hooks are all examples of equipment used to keep your cargo in place on the trailer.


Tie-downs


A set of fastening mechanisms that act together to connect and confine items on the trailer bed.


Working load restriction (WLL)


The maximum safe force that every component can withstand, as established by the manufacturer.


Considerations for Cargo Security


It is the responsibility of the motor carrier and the driver to ensure proper loading and security precautions are followed. These are the primary variables to examine in order to comply with DOT load securement requirements.


Vehicle Dimensions + Load

The specific dimensions of the equipment you are carrying are required by DOT loading requirements. Once the trailer is loaded, there should be no overhang, and drivers should have unobstructed vision on all sides of the truck.


Vehicle Weight + Load

Your vehicle's and the equipment you're transporting's precise weight must be known entities. Otherwise, you won't be able to appropriately combine the load weight with the vehicle weight and trailer weight to avoid exceeding the gross combined weight rating (GCWR).


Your Trailer's Capacity

Aside from verifying that the GCWR complies with DOT load securement rules, you must also ensure that the trailer is suitably solid and capable of supporting the weight of your goods.


What You Need to Know About DOT Tie-Down Requirements


The number and kind of tie-downs you require will be determined by the length, weight, and type of product (cargo) you are transporting. The following is a breakdown of DOT strapping requirements:


  • Articles 5 feet or shorter in length and weighing less than 1,100 pounds require only one tie-down.
  • Articles 5 feet or less in length and weighing more than 1,100 pounds require two tie-downs.
  • Regardless of weight, anything longer than 5 feet but less than 10 pounds require two tie-downs.
  • An extra tie-down is required for every 10-foot increment or portion thereof for goods longer than 10 feet.
  • Tie-downs are required at all four corners of anything weighing 10,000 pounds or greater.
  • Over 10,000-pound wheeled or tracked vehicles require four direct (anchor) tie-downs and tightening mechanisms.
  • The WLL from all tie-downs should be at least 50% of the cargo weight.
  • Indirect tie-downs (no anchor) should be rigged at a minimum 30 degree angle to the deck.
  • If a tie-down is at danger of abrasion where it comes into contact with an article of cargo, edge protection is required.
  • Booms must be lowered and securely fastened, ideally with an extra tie-down gear.
  • Chocks, wedges, or a cradle are required for articles that are liable to roll.
  • Articles fastened side by side using a transverse tie-down must either be in direct touch or be prohibited from slipping towards each other during travel.
  • All drivers and loading bay staff must be trained in the selection, usage, and inspection of tie-downs.


Tie-Down Styles


  • Tie-down (anchor): connects directly from the trailer to the cargo.
  • Indirect (non-anchor) tie-down: the lead threads over or through the trailer and attaches back to it.
  • Transverse tie-down: a tie-down that runs across or through the cargo from one side of the trailer to the other.


To be clear, a direct (anchor) tie-down connects directly from the trailer to the cargo. An indirect (no anchor) tie-down lead threads over or through the trailer and attaches back to it. A transverse tie-down runs from one side of the trailer to the other, over or through the cargo.


Other Cargo Security Regulations You Should Be Aware Of

DOT load securement requirements contain restrictions for carrying special purpose vehicles such as heavy machinery and constructed structural elements, in addition to the necessary load securement methods outlined above. Because of the added complications created by their size, form, or weight, they must be secured using unique ways.


There are additional unique regulations for safeguarding and transporting the commodities listed below:


  • Logs
  • Dressed wood
  • Coils of metal
  • Rolls of paper
  • Concrete tubes
  • Containers for intermodal transportation
  • Vehicles such as automobiles, light trucks, and vans
  • Heavy vehicles, machinery, and equipment
  • Vehicles that have been flattened or crushed
  • Containers for roll-on/roll-off transportation
  • Massive boulders



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